, where:

I = Impulse (N*s)

F = Force (N)

t = Time (s)

, where

E = Energy (J)

m = Mass (kg)

v = Velocity (m/s)

, where:

I = Mass Moment of Inertia (kg*m^2)

m = Mass (kg)

r = Distance to Axis of Rotation (m)

, where:

I = Mass Moment of Inertia of a Rod about its Center (kg*m^2)

m = Mass of Rod (kg)

L = Length of Rod (m)

, where:

I = Mass Moment of Inertia about the end of a rod (kg*m^2)

m = Mass of rod (kg)

L = Length of Rod