, where:

C_{p} = Heat Capacity at a constant Pressure (J/(kg*K))

C_{V} = Heat Capacity at a constant Volume (J/(kg*K))

T = Temperature (K)

p = Pressure (Pa)

V = Volume (m^{3})

, where:

C_{p} = Heat Capacity at a Constant Pressure (J/K)

C_{V} = Heat Capacity at a Constant Volume (J/K)

n = Number of Moles (mol)

R = Universal Gas Constant (J/(K*mol))

, where:

S = Entropy (J/K)

Q = Heat transferred (J)

T = Temperature (K)

, where:

R_{specific} = Specific Gas Constant (J/(kg*K)) (Material Property)

R = Universal Gas Constant (J/(K*mol))

M = Molar Mass (kg/mol) (Material Property)

c_{p} , c_{v} = Specific Heat at a constant Pressure or Volume (J/(kg*K))

, where:

c = Specific Heat Capacity (J/(kg*K))

Q = Heat Transferred (J)

m = Mass of sample (kg)

T = Change in temperature (K)